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tend to / be apt to / be prone to の違い

Posted by Junichi Kawagoe on 02.2010 ☆英語文法、他: 重要Q&A集 Vol. 1   0 comments   0 trackback
Tag :tend to be apt prone 違い
pen1_31.gif tend to ~」と「be apt to ~」と「be prone to ~」の違いは何ですか
            どうやって使い分けたら良いですか?



~ 上記質問に答える二人のネイティブさんの文章をご紹介 ~
Two native speakers' explanations for the question above.

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tend to」と「be apt to」と「be prone to」の違いは何ですか?
どうやって使い分けたら良いですか?

>Miss Lightning
1) tend to do something: In my opinion, it's when you have a tendency to do something. More like a habitual thing. 'He tends to go out for a walk every morning.' / 'She tends to go out for a drink with her friends every week.'

2) 'be apt to ~' isn't very much used in conversation, well, at least I never hear it used ;) But I guess it's sort of like, a natural tendency. Hard to explain as I hardly ever use this.

3) 'be prone to' is usually when talking about negative things. 'He's prone to getting ill.' 'He's prone to falling over.' 'He's prone to getting too drunk.'

I'm an British English speaker so my opinion might be different to what an American English speaker thinks :-)


>Mr. HeyMcCall
Do you know the meaning of "-prone"? For example, accident-prone, injury-prone...

I agree with Lightning on her explanation for "tend to" and "apt to". Apt to is like a natural tendency to do something...

"Tend to" on the other hand is more like the likelihood of something to happen in a particular way because it is how things often happen. "Tend to" is used more often... Personally, I think they can be used interchangeably.

For example,

Most Japanese language learners tend to feel discouraged when they are told that they can never speak Japanese as fluently as the native.

Most Japanese language learners are apt to feel discouraged when they are told that they can never speak Japanese as fluently as the native.

I think if you understand the meaning of aptitude and tendency, you should understand both of them better.
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223.gif Nako より一言♪
tend to
は...傾向を表し、ポジティブ、ネガティブどちらもOKの便利な言葉で、口語でも文語でもどちらも問題なし!

be apt to
...物事が起こる可能性が高い、低いではなく、物事自体の性質や特質が原因で「たいてい~になってしまう」、「…は~しがちの性質を持っている」で、ネガティブな意味で用いることがネイティブの内では通常のようです。British Englishの人に聞いたことなので、米語については知りませんが、apt toは口語では使うのを聞いたことがないそうです。

be prone to は...ネガティブな表現に。



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